Grades 10 to 12 at one of the high schools in vhembe district, limpopo province, south africa. An evaluation of curriculum implementation in primary schools. Change embraces the concepts of innovation, development, renewal and improvement of a curriculum. The goal of this process is to ensure timely action on proposals and to identify any potential issues that will require resolution before the proposed curriculum change can be implemented. It is dictated by the changes in the economic, social and technological aspects of society.
Designing and implementing an integrated curriculum. Good understanding of change and clear conception of curriculum are necessary conditions for im. Curriculum development for all disci plines necessitates the establishment of a districtwide curriculum council that meets on a monthly basis during the school year. Curriculum implementation research paper for education majors. Curriculum change and innovation innovation strategic. In laying the foundation for this claim, this study examines the various enablers and challenges to successful curriculum change in higher education. The context will be described in sufficient detail to enable readers to decide the relevance of this analysis to their circumstances. Curriculum implementation as a change process the second perspective on curriculum implementation is that of a change process. New replaces old change is a process, and we have to realize that the transformation to new forms of education will start while the old still exists.
The dialogue that follows examines several questions as well as the critical stages for curriculum development and implementation. Inlow professor of education northwestern university, evanston, illinois the purposes of education relate directly to the factors that facilitate or hinder curriculum change. Curriculum change process alamance community college. If some material, content, item or procedure is introduced into the existing material and is adopted, it is considered alteration. Obstacles to implementing a new curriculum1 kate bennie and karen newstead malati, po box 647, bellville, 7535 the introduction of a new curriculum such as curriculum 2005 poses a range of challenges to teachers and schools. A very important part of curriculum implementation is that the teacher should consider carefully the order in which learning targets should be learnt. Chapter 10 curriculum development and implementation. Teacher leaders and coaches attend workshops and orientation sessions to learn about the program and then train their colleagues. Curriculum implementation entails putting into practice the officially prescribed courses of study. It is logical to put learning targets requiring lower level skills before those requiring higher level skills, for example, teaching the children to. Pdf models and concepts of curriculum implementation. This is a topic suggestion on curriculum implementation from paper masters. New or emergent practices may compete for the same sources as the existing ones. Chapter 3 module 4 lesson 1 implementing the designed.
Written in an approachable style using illustrative case studies, the textbook provides an introduction to the basic concepts and theories of curriculum as a field of study. Addressing these concerns both before and during the curriculum implementation process will increase the success rate by giving administrators the proper tools they need to support teachers through curriculum changes air, 2016. Pdf the key to embracing and implementing curriculum change. Introducing a curriculum change at a school, district, or national level does not guarantee that those charged with implementation will implement. Mcbeath of the curtin university of technology, most attempts at. This means that curriculum implementation is that stage of the curriculum process where the learner through the guide of a teacher interacts with learning activities so as to maximize learning as will be noticed in the learners new bahaviournew approach to issues. Teachers in all content areas collaborate with english language arts teachers to learn about using the program in their. Curriculum implementation and the effective teacher curriculum. Curriculum change and innovation is an introductory textbook on hong kongs school curriculum. Curriculum is the way content is designed and developed the process includes the structure. Stages, steps and activities page 6 planning for change change is complex and dynamic. Successfully implementing transformational change in education.
The stark reality about curriculum change1 is that it. Chapter 3 module 4 lesson 1 implementing the designed curriculum as a change process. This study looks at the challenges facing educators in implementing the national curriculum statement for further education and training i. It involves moving or transforming from something familiar to something new. In private higher education the curriculum change process follows the process defined by ndou. This chapter will address itself to questions concerning the possible strategies which might be employed for changing the curriculum, the techniques which have been shown to be effective in attempts to bring about curriculum change or to promote curriculum development.
Successful implementation of new programs requires planning, an appropriate strategy, and staff development. Curriculum implementation therefore refers to how the planned or officially designed course study is translated by the teacher of into syllabuses. Edgar schein 1997 reminds us that there are several reasons why change is resisted. Effective curriculum change and implementation requires time, personal interaction, inservice training, and other forms of peoplebased support fullan, 1993. Curriculum change plan how to implement a new school. Facilitating and hindering factors of curriculum implementation oecd. Curriculum reform can be categorized either as fundamental to the training of all medical students or as an optional addition to the educational program that can be chosen by students based on specific. Implementing current curriculum we summarized the 4 factors socioculture, educational resources, educational system, the quality of the teacher which challenge the multilevel governance and decentralization of curriculum implementing as following. The meso level includes school, department organisational culture as well as the role of the amms and school. Curriculum implementation when implementing a new curriculum, there are a host of factors that must be considered. Barriers to effective curriculum implementation erica a. Curriculum change and implementation survey bc teachers.
Research suggests that despite attempts by the ministry of education to promote a more communicative style of teaching in classrooms across japan, instigating curricular innovations generally remains difficult due to topdown policies designed. The impact of the curriculum change in the teaching and. Czajkowski successful implementation of new programs requires planning, an appropriate strategy, and staff development. Curriculum change process this document outlines the process for making changes to curriculum programs at alamance community college. Designing and implementing an integrated curriculum a postscript by dr. Even if a proposed curriculum change is supported by the majority of stakeholders, there are factors that play a role in how well the change is received, implemented and maintained.
Problems and issues in implementing innovative curriculum. Models and concepts of curriculum implementation, some definitions and influence of implementation presentation pdf available may 2019 with 38,982 reads how we measure reads. Curriculum change requires inschool management teams, principals and boards of management to lead the implementation of change in the school as an organisation. Use this topic or order a custom research paper, written exactly how you need it to be. The curriculum council should consist of professional staff in leadership positions. To ensure that renewed curriculum actually changes teaching and. Pac7 at jalt2008 conference proceedings 584 implementing curriculum change. This paper reports on an attempt by malati mathematics learning and teaching initiative to implement the statistics. English language arts teachers at shaw middle school receive a range of support during the implementation of the new springboard program. Analyze current teaching practices and learning goals. Lessons learned about the importance of effective change leadership and strategic communications the federal race to the top rttt competition was one of the largest investments in k12 education in our.
Pdf this paper investigates organisational change management in a curriculum change project at an australian higher education institution. Recommendations for implementing curriculum change based on what i have learned, i have three suggestions about implementing curriculum reform. Moreover, existing educational discourse remains problematic in its technocratic and often linear nature. Changing established practices is never easy, particularly when the change involves an entire system or approach. If curriculum reform aims at changing the ways students learn and teachers teach, more sophisticated implementation strategies are required. Successfully implementing transformational change in. Change can be broad, affecting multiple practices or aspects of the program, or it. Kurt levins force field theory and curriculum change categories of curriculum change 2. Ed clark may 2005 two years after writing this book, kurt anderson and i received a request from a korean educator who had read my book and wanted to spend a week visiting thompson middle school. Barriers to effective curriculum implementation eric. Barriers to effective curriculum implementation by erica a. Chapter 3 module 4 lesson 1 implementing the designed curriculum as a change process free download as powerpoint presentation.773 415 1462 921 100 486 1242 366 739 1366 988 1245 1335 65 1374 398 445 948 90 1462 1055 129 369 156 1294 889 1394 16 1439 1006 928 984 425 1440 872 241 698 639 1125 996 933